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Firebase firestore in the forum application #11: Form edit forum and Update data forum

4 comments

duski.harahap
67
last month7 min read

Repository

https://github.com/firebase

What Will I Learn?

  • Form edit forum
  • Update data forum

Requirements

  • Basic Javascript
  • Install Firebase

Resources

Difficulty

Basic

Tutorial Content

In this tutorial, I will continue the previous tutorial series. This tutorial I will use the edit form to edit the forum that we have created. with the system, we have created before we can ensure that the forum can only be edited by the owner of the forum. For those of you who are just following this tutorial, there are several series that you should follow first so that you don't have problems following this tutorial.

Form edit forum

In this section we will use the form to edit the forum, here I will use bootstrap. In bootstrap, I will use the form-input component. The following is the display of the interface:

forum-details.hbs

<div class="is-hidden">
    <form>
        <div class="form-group">
            <label for="title">Title</label>
            <input type="text" class="form-control" id="title" value="{{forum.title}}">
        </div>
        <div class="form-group">
            <label for="desc">Desciptions</label>
            <textarea class="form-control" id="desc" rows="3">{{forum.desc}}</textarea>
        </div>
        <button class="btn btn-info" type="button" name="button" onclick="editTopic()" id="update-btn">Update</button>
    </form>
</div>
<script type="text/javascript" src="/assets/js/auth.js"></script>
</body>
<style type="text/css">
    .is-hidden {
        display: none;
    }
</style>

We have passed the object forum section in the forum-details.hbs template. Now we can use it to fill in the edit form with the value of the forum object.

We will make an input text for the title <input type="text" class="form-control" id="title" value="{{forum.title}}"> and the value will be taken from the forum.title object.

And then we will fill in the description with the textarea <textarea class="form-control" id="desc" rows="3">{{forum.desc}}</textarea>. WWe get the value from forum.desc.

If you followed the previous tutorial you would know that we have a class that is used to hide elements from users who are not forum owners <div class="is-hidden">.

  • Edit forum with ownership access

We can see in the form we will make the element form hidden by default. We will change the situation if the user who is logged in is the user who owns the forum. We will add a onclick function to the edit button, for more details we can see in the code below:

forum-details.hbs

<h2>Forum {{forum.title}}</h2>
    <p>{{forum.desc}} <span><i>by: <b>{{forum.user.username}}</b></i></span></p>
    <input type="hidden" name="owner_uid" id="owner_id" value="{{forum.user.user_id}}">
    <a href="#" class="btn btn-info is-hidden" id="btn-edit" onclick="showEditForm()">Edit</a>

The function that I will use above is showEditForm (). We will use this function to display the edit form. now we will make the function like the code below.

<script type="text/javascript">
    

function showEditForm() {
    document.getElementById('editForm').classList.remove('is-hidden')
}
</script>

The function above is quite simple, we will only remove the is-hidden class in the edit form element. editForm is an id from form edit element, we can give the id like this:

<div class="is-hidden" id="editForm"></div>

We can see the results from the form edit interface as shown below:

Screenshot_3.png

We can see in the picture above, the input from the form has been filled in from the object forum that we have passed in the forum-details.hbs template.

The edit button only appears in the owner of the forum, so other users can not edit the forum that is not theirs, as we can see in the demonstration below:

ezgif.com-video-to-gif.gif

You can see in the picture above there is a forum that cannot bring up the edit button because the forum is not his. until here our forum ownership system has been successful.

Update data forum

We have created a form to edit the data, and then we will learn how to update data in the application of our Firebase forum. We have created a form to edit the data. For those of you who are just following this tutorial for information that in this tutorial we use Firestore as the database if you don't know what firestore is you can see my previous tutorial in the curriculum section.

  • Create new rules for update data

We will start to make the data update feature by creating new rules on our Firestore database, here we will create a rule for updates, here is an example:

service cloud.firestore {
  match /databases/{database}/documents {
    match /users/{document=**} {
      allow read, create: if request.auth != null;
    }
    match /forums/{slug} {
      allow read;
      allow create: if request.auth != null 
                                && request.resource.data.title.size() > 10
      allow update: if request.auth.uid == resource.data.user.user_id
                                && request.resource.data.title.size() > 10
    }
  }
}

Screenshot_4.png

Here I add for the update section, in the update section we only allow updates when request.auth.uid == resource.data.user.user_id. This means that the user ID must be the same as user_id in the Firestore database because we will guarantee that the person who can edit the forum is the owner of the forum.

  • Update data forum

Now that we have completed the rules in the database, now we will update the data in the forum. Forum data stored in the database is in a document and the name of the document is the name that was automatically generated by Firebase. For more details, we can see in the picture below:

Screenshot_5.png

We need the document ID to update the data in the document. * than where can we get the ID?*

We can get the id when we draw the single forum data at the app.getURL('/ forum /: slug', function (req, res) { }.

index.js

db.collection('forums').where('slug', '==', req.params.slug).get()
    .then(snapshot => {
        snapshot.forEach(doc => {
            forum = doc.data()
            console.log(doc.id)
        })
        res.render('forum-detail', {forum:forum})
    }).catch(err => {
        console.log(err)
    })

I will do a console log() on doc which is the response we received when pulling single forum data.

Screenshot_6.png

We see in the picture above we managed to get the document ID we need. We can get the id on the key id on the doc object. now we will pass the ID to the frontend.

index.js

db.collection('forums').where('slug', '==', req.params.slug).get()
    .then(snapshot => {
        snapshot.forEach(doc => {
            forum = doc.data()
            forum.id = doc.id
        })
        res.render('forum-detail', {forum:forum})
    })

I will pass the value to the object forum with the key id forum.id = doc.id. now we will render the id as a parameter to the updateForum() function. We will render the id like in the example below:

forum-details.hbs

<form>
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="title">Title</label>
                    <input type="text" class="form-control" id="title" value="{{forum.title}}" placeholder="Your tittle">
                </div>
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="desc">Desciptions</label>
                    <textarea class="form-control" id="desc" rows="3">{{forum.desc}}</textarea>
                </div>
                <button class="btn btn-info" type="button" name="button" id="update-btn" onclick="updateForum('{{forum.id}}')">Update</button>
            </form>

We will create a function and will make the document id as a parameter so we can update the forum according to the forum we are editing onclick="updateForum('{{forum.id}}')".

Screenshot_7.png

  • Create function updateForum()

In the updateForum() function, I will receive the document id parameter that will be used to access documents in our database, so that we can update the data according to the forum that we are updating. The following is an example of a forum update:

function updateForum(id) {
    db.collection('forums').doc(id).set({
        title : document.getElementById('title').value
        desc : document.getElementById('desc').value
        updated_at : new Date()
    }, {merge : true})
    .then(function(){
        location.reload()
    }).catch(function(err){
        console.log(err)
    })
}

In this function, we will use a instance of the firebase firestore that we have defined in a var variable db = firebase.firestore (); and then we can access the collection of forums. then using the parameters that we have passed in this function to access the document we are editing.

For the value values from our forum we can get it from the input form we have created with each id. For the title we can get the value from document.getElementById('title').value. For the desc we can get the value from document.getElementById('desc').value.

title and desc are keys or fields in the Firestore database. It should be noted that the key must be the same as the database, otherwise, an error will occur, firestore will not recognize the field. If all the steps work well, then we can see the results as in the demonstration below:

ezgif.com-video-to-gif (1).gif

Screenshot_8.png

Well, we can see the result that we have successfully updated the data that is on the Firestore database. We have updated the title and desc also updates the update time. Until here is our tutorial, hopefully, you will benefit from this tutorial, thank you.

Curriculum

  • Forum app

Firebase app#1, Firebase app#2, Firebase app#3, Firebase app#4, Firebase app#5, Firebase app#6, Firebase app#7, Firebase app#8, Firebase app#9, Firebase app#10,

Proof of work done

https://github.com/milleaduski/firebase-forum

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