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THA: A surgery that like all surgery can bring complications

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9 months ago3 min read

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A surgery that like all surgery can bring complications...

As I have commented in some of Steemit's previous post, the hip prosthesis operation is one of the most revolutionary procedures in the history of recent medicine, since it allows patients affected by degenerative diseases, such as osteoarthritis of the hip, to recover the quality of life they had before.

One of the issues that most worries patients before undergoing hip replacement surgery is the post-operative recovery time and possible complications that may occur. People don't really care much about the intervention itself, which is also important, but what interests us most is knowing when we will be well. This point is much more important in the case of the implantation of a hip prosthesis because before the intervention, the patient often suffer a lot of pain due to osteoarthritis or other arthritic diseases, something that prevents them from leading a normal life.



What complications?

Within a hip prosthesis operation, which can be considered a major surgery, there are the same risks of complication as in any other surgical intervention, as they are:

Problems with anesthesia: These are unlikely, since a preoperative procedure is carried out previously to avoid possible intraoperative complications related to it.
Intraoperative bleeding: This is not really a complication, since in a hip surgery some blood is lost being necessary in most cases the use of blood transfusions previously donated by the patient himself.
Infection: This is usually the origin of one of the most problematic post-operative complications such as infection of the prosthesis, although as we will discuss in the next section occurs in less than 2% of operations.
Clots: Due to anaesthesia and the fact that patients spend several days in bed after the operation, it is possible to form clots, especially in the lower extremities. This type of complication is very rare as some exercises are carried out after surgery to promote blood circulation and avoid this problem.



Although these intraoperative complications or complications directly related to surgery are possible, the chances of them occurring are very low and tend to occur in patients with fairly poor health.

The recovery after a hip prosthesis usually lasts between 3 and 6 months until the patient has regained full mobility, although depending on the patient and the intensity of the rehabilitation these times can increase up to a year. Undoubtedly, rehabilitation after hip replacement surgery is almost as important as the operation, depending largely on it the success of the intervention.

Dr. Leopoldo Maizo - Orthopedic Surgeon

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